ESPON 2.2.2: Territorial effects of the Pre-Accession Aid
The objective of this project has been to conduct a comparative territorial analysis of the national instruments of structural policy in the new Member States, who joined the EU in 2004, and the Candidate Countries Bulgaria and Romania. Also the non-EU members Norway and Switzerland were to be included in the respective analyses as far as possible. The analyses aimed at territorial impact assessments of structural measures in these countries in order to improve the understanding of the relation between pre-accession aid respectively Structural Funds and spatial developments in European regions. In order to gain such knowledge different related policy instruments, including not only pre-accession aid and Structural Funds but sector policies, national regional policies etc. have been reviewed. As reference for spatial impacts, this has been complemented by analyses of spatial patterns of selected indicators displaying regional characteristics at European level.